Dr. Eileen Lynch
8. Federalism and
Explain and give two examples of how the government and politics of
As we have mentioned it before, federalism is the system where the federal, state and local governments share power as provided by the Constitution. This ensures that, for our particular state of
In our textbook we are presented with seven specific examples of how the federal government has an impact on the Texan government, and also how the selection and function of Governor is also influenced by factors concerning federal issues. Briefly explained, the examples of this influence are apparent in the fact that many of the processes and circumstances that generate and demand an action on the part of the federal government affect Texas both directly and indirectly for the simple reason that, although Texas is for Texans, it is still an integral part of this nation, of the United States of America.
In particular, I want to focus on the examples provided to us in the video lesson. We’ve seen that President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal ushered in the 20th Century era of federal government expansion by installing a variety of programs to aid the states in meeting the needs of their welfare programs. And we’ve also seen that sixty-one years later, when the welfare reform was put into effect, it effectively changed the way Texas dealt with many problems of public welfare in order to better take advantage of the sudden shift in the allocation of power from the federal government to the states.
Also, in this same vein, we have the example of the child-support payment collection activities particular for each state. Although there is still a debate raging about the pros and cons of a federally controlled program (pro: access to interstate resources for tracking and enforcement of payments; con: ballooning costs because of the unavoidable raging-maniac-lunatic bureaucracy) the salient point of this example is that the funding policies of the federal government encourage the states to find their own solutions to this problem by applying their intimate knowledge of their regional needs.
Clearly, federalism both hinders and promotes the exercise and development of